- Prof. Alexander N. Orekhov
Institute for Atherosclerosis Research, Moscow, Russia.
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- Dr. Lidija V. Shulgina
Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, Pacific branch (TINRO) Vladivostok, Russia.
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Special Issue Introduction
Homeostasis and cardiovascular health of a person largely depend on the characteristics of one’s diet. The nature of nutrition is one of the key factors in metabolic disorders and the risk of developing atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, malignant neoplasms, and other diseases. Therefore, in combination with drug therapy for chronic diseases, diet therapy is also being improved.
Nutrient and biologically active substances that come with food are included in the structural elements of the cells of all organs. For a long time, they ensure the normal functions of homeostatic systems, and determine the state of health and life expectancy. Inadequate and unbalanced nutrition leads to a restructuring of metabolic processes in the human body, which gradually leads to the development of diseases, including atherosclerosis. Nutrition of patients with atherosclerosis is an important point in the system of mandatory therapeutic and preventive measures.
It is known that the risk of developing or slowing down the progression of cardiovascular diseases is affected by the functional components of foods, such as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, certain amino acids, vitamins, flavonoids, dietary fiber, microelements, probiotics, prebiotics, and other substances. These components are highly functional and exhibit positive biocorrective effects on the human body, including antioxidant, lipotropic, hypotensive, anticoagulant, antiarrhythmic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and antitumor effects. Their introduction into the nutrition of patients was an innovative technique for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases caused by atherosclerosis.
In recent years, scientific articles present the results of a study on the development of new products for dietary therapeutic and dietary preventive nutrition, functional foods, biologically active food supplements, vitamin-mineral complexes, and composite mixtures, as well as an assessment of their effectiveness in cardiology practice. The mechanism of action and positive effects of the products on the human body, as well as their high efficiency for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular pathologies, have been established.
The special issue is devoted to research on the influence of biologically active components on the development of atherosclerosis, on new types of products for dietary therapeutic and preventive nutrition.
KeywordsAtherosclerosis, cardiovascular health, diet, nutrition, metabolic disorders, diabetes mellitus, therapy, prevention
Submission Deadline30 Jun 2022